Passiflora, known also as the passion flowers or passion vines, is a genus of the family Passifloraceae. They are mostly tendril-bearing vines, with some being shrubs or trees. They can be woody or herbaceous. Passion flowers produce regular and usually showy flowers with a distinctive corona.
Passion flowers have floral structures adapted for biotic pollination. Pollinators of Passiflora include bumblebees, carpenter bees, wasps, and hummingbirds. Famously, they are exclusively targeted by many butterfly species of the tribe Heliconiini.
A number of species of Passiflora are cultivated outside their natural range for both their flowers and fruit. Hundreds of hybrids have been named; hybridizing is currently being done extensively for flowers, foliage, and fruit.
The blooms of the Passiflora plant attract many pollinating insects such as butterflies, bumblebees, and more. Pollination is very important to promote biodiversity. They are an important nectar source for butterflies.
The flowers are very easy to care for and thrive well in tropical and subtropical countries such as India. However, the plant requires thorough watering and frequent pruning to help in its healthy growth.
The soil for the Passiflora plant must be kept moist, especially during the growing season. Water plants consistently, but avoid water-logging.
The Passiflora plant loves bright sunlight for at least 6-7 hours a day.
Passiflora is an outdoor plant. It should be kept in an area receiving bright sunlight.
To Fertilize - Add nitrogen and phosphorus to the Passiflora Plant to maintain good plant growth. You can also add dry banana peels as they are a rich source of nitrogen. You can also use vermicompost every 2 weeks.
Passiflora plants prefer acidic soil. Use cow dung as part of your soil mix as it will make the soil acidic. The ideal soil mix for this plant should be, Garden Soil (35%) + Cocopeat (30%) + Vermicompost (30%) + Neem Khali (5%).
Keep pruning the Passiflora plant to encourage flower growth and give it more spread.
Aphids, Thrips, fruitflies, and whiteflies are a big problem for the Passiflora plant. Keep spraying the plant with neem spray every 2 weeks to help with pest control.
Passiflora plants commonly have flowers in the shade of purple and blue.
No, Passiflora cannot be grown indoors as it needs lots of sunlight and a well-ventilated environment
Check to see if the topmost layer of the soil is completely dry, and water accordingly.
Passiflora is a perennial plant that starts blooming with a slight chill in the air.